Menopause means that after the end of the menstrual cycle, a woman having light or excessive bleeding from the vagina can sometimes be a sign of some serious disease. This condition, known as postmenopausal bleeding, is also considered one of the special symptoms of endometrial cancer. But if a woman is having this problem, then it is not necessary that she has cancer, because sometimes due to hormonal changes or some other common and complex problems, women may also have problems with vaginal bleeding after menopause. . Postmenopausal bleeding sign of serious diseases in women.
Menopause and Perimenopause: Dr Vijay Lakshmi, a gynecologist from Uttarakhand, says that in general, after the age of 45, the process of stopping menstruation starts in women. Menopause or the cessation of the menstrual cycle is called menopause. After menopause, women stop having periods every month. However, before menopause, women usually go through the phase of peri-menopause in which many types of hormonal changes are also seen in their body. During this period, many women have to face many problems including irregular periods such as long periods, less or more bleeding and frequent changes in the period cycle. On the other hand, if a woman does not have menstruation for about a year after one age, then it is considered as menopause.
Reasons for Postmenopausal Bleeding: She states that sometimes even after menopause, women may have vaginal bleeding for some period in some stages. In particular, women who are taking hormone therapy or taking estrogen and progestogen hormone medicines or taking cycle hormone therapy may occasionally have light bleeding. But in normal condition, if a woman is having more or less bleeding from the vagina after menopause, then sometimes it can be a sign of some serious disease. Dr Vijayalakshmi tells that about 10% of the women who have been menopausal show the problem of postmenopausal bleeding. For which many serious diseases as well as common problems and diseases including sexual infection, vaginal mucosa or endometrium can also be considered responsible. Some of which are as follows.
Dr Vijayalakshmi tells that about 10% of the women who have been menopausal show the problem of postmenopausal bleeding. For which many serious diseases as well as common problems and diseases including sexual infection, vaginal mucosa or endometrium can also be considered responsible. Some of which are as follows.
Atrophic vaginitis: The hormone levels in the body may drop significantly during or after menopause. Due to which sometimes there can also be dryness and swelling in the tissues of the vagina and uterus. Due to which there may be vaginal bleeding after sex or even in general.
Endometrial polyps: Endometrial polyps, also known as uterine polyps, are a type of tumor caused by overgrowth of the endometrium. These are not cancerous in most cases and do not cause discomfort either. But if their number is more than one in the uterus or if their size is large, then it can cause bleeding after menopause.
Endometrial atrophy: In endometrial atrophy, the lining of a woman’s uterus starts thinning after menopause due to low levels of hormones like estrogen and progesterone in the body. Vaginal bleeding can also occur in the case of excessive thinning of the uterine lining.
Uterus fibroids: Uterus fibroids or uterine fibroids are actually called lumps of muscle and cells that occur on the walls of the uterus. Which is considered a type of tumor itself. It can be one or more than one in number. It is also called leiomyoma or myoma. This problem can also cause sudden bleeding in postmenopausal women when it becomes complicated at times.
Endometrial hyperplasia: Endometrial hyperplasia can also cause bleeding after menopause at times.
Endometrial cancer: Abnormal vaginal bleeding can occur after menopause even in the event of endometrial cancer or cancer of the uterus. It is also considered one of the main symptoms of uterine cancer. According to statistics, the problem of vaginal bleeding is found in about 90% of postmenopausal women suffering from this type of cancer.
Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD): Sometimes sexually transmitted diseases like chlamydia, herpes and gonorrhea can also be responsible for abnormal spotting or bleeding after menopause.
Do not ignore the symptoms: Dr. Vijay Lakshmi tells that after menopause, if women face the problem of light spotting or heavy bleeding, then they should immediately consult a doctor and get a complete clinical examination of their health. Usually, in case of this type of problem, the doctor, keeping in mind all the symptoms of the sufferer, recommends blood tests, Pap-smear, endometrial biopsy, sonography and DNC, etc., as needed.
She tells that sometimes even during perimenopause, some women do not have periods for a long time, which many women consider to be menopause. On the other hand, when after some time the woman starts bleeding sometimes light and sometimes more, then they start referring to it after menopause. Doctors usually recommend a special type of blood test to confirm whether a woman has menopause or not. The results of which can confirm whether there is menopause or not.
She suggests that whatever be the reason, even after menopause, the problem of light spotting or excessive bleeding should not be ignored at all and should be immediately examined and treated by the doctor. Apart from this, it can also be very beneficial for women to have Pap-smear test or other tests done annually or on the advice of a doctor. Because by doing this, treatment can be started as soon as the initial symptoms of problems are seen.