Cape Canaveral: Despite the occurrence of lightning at the launch site, the US space agency NASA’s Moon Rocket is on its way to leave on Monday. This three hundred and 22-foot Space Launch System rocket is the most powerful rocket ever built by NASA. It is set to send an empty ‘crew capsule’ into lunar orbit nearly half a century after NASA’s ‘Apollo’ mission.
During the Apollo mission, 12 astronauts landed on the Moon. If this six-week test flight goes well, the astronauts can return to the moon in a few years. However, NASA officials have warned that the risk is high and the flight duration may be shortened. NASA officials said on Sunday that there was no damage to the rocket and capsule at NASA’s Kennedy Space Center during Saturday’s thunderstorm.
He said that there was no damage to the other equipment as well. It is noteworthy that NASA’s Artemis-1 mission is moving towards an important step in bringing humans back to the Moon after nearly half a century. This mission is to be launched on 29 August 2022 and it is going to be an important journey for NASA’s Space Launch System and Orion Crew Capsule.
This spacecraft will go to the Moon, will drop some small satellites into orbit and will put itself in orbit. NASA’s objective is to receive training in spacecraft operation and to investigate the conditions experienced by astronauts around the Moon. Also to ensure that the spacecraft and every space travel aboard it can safely return to Earth.
The Conversation asked Jack Burns, a space scientist and space scientist at the University of Colorado Bold and a former member of NASA’s presidential transition team, to explain the Artemis mission. He was asked what the Artemis program would ensure in the field of space exploration, and how it would reflect the change in the space program after half a century of human footsteps on the Moon.
It also asked how is Artemis-1 different from other rockets which are routinely launched? Artemis-1 will be the first flight of the new space launch system. It is a ‘heavy lift’ (capable of putting heavy objects into orbit) rocket as NASA refers to. It has the most powerful engines compared to rockets ever launched. Even this rocket is more powerful than the Saturn V system of the Apollo missions that took humans to the Moon in the 1960s and 1970s.
It is a new type of rocket system as its main engines are a combination of both liquid oxygen and hydrogen systems, as well as two solid rocket boosters inspired by the spacecraft. It is actually a hybrid form of a spacecraft (Space Shuttle) and Apollo’s Saturn V rocket. This test is very important because the actual working of the Orion crew capsule will be seen. This training will take about a month in the space environment of the Moon where there is a high level of radiation.
It is also important for testing the capsule’s heat shield, which protects the capsule and its occupants from frictional heat while returning to Earth at a speed of 25,000 mph. It will be the fastest-travelling capsule after Apollo, so it is important that the heat-insulating shield works properly.
This mission will carry with it a series of small satellites that will be placed in the orbit of the Moon. These satellites will serve as a predictor of information such as tracking the moon’s always-dark craters, which scientists believe contain water. With the help of these satellites, the radiation in the water has to be calculated so that the effect on humans living in such environments for a long time can be assessed.
What is the goal of the Artemis project? What will happen with these series of launches? This mission is the first step in the path of the Artemis-3 mission, which will result in a manned mission to the Moon for the first time in the 21st century. With this, for the first time after the year 1972, man will step on the moon. Artemis-1 will be an unmanned mission. Artemis-2 is planned to be launched in the next few years, with which astronauts will also be sent and during this time the astronauts will go into orbit as happened in the Apollo-8 mission.
Then the astronauts returned after circling the moon. However, the space travel will spend a long time circling the Moon and testing all aspects with a manned crew. Ultimately, after this, the Artemis-3 mission will leave to go to the surface of the Moon, which is likely to leave in the middle of this decade, and SpaceX can find a stationary and exchange astronauts.
Orion will remain in orbit and Lunar Starship will take astronauts to the surface of the Moon. They will go to the South Pole of the Moon. Scientists have not studied these areas properly so far and after that they will examine the ice present there. Is Artemis the same as Apollo, what changes have occurred in half a century? The Apollo mission was initially conceived by (former US President JF) Kennedy to defeat the Soviet Union. The administration did not specifically prioritize space or moon travel, but their clear aim was to put America first in space and technology.
After half a century, the atmosphere is different now. We’re not doing this to beat Russia or China or anyone else, but to launch sustainable exploration beyond Earth orbit. The Artemis program has several goals, including the use of resources as possible, which means using the water and soil present in the form of ice on the Moon to make food, fuel and building materials.
This program will help in establishing the Moon and space economy. It begins with entrepreneurship as SpaceX is part of this first mission to reach the surface of the Moon. NASA does not own Starship, but it is buying seats so that astronauts can go to the surface of the Moon. SpaceX may then use the Starship for other purposes such as transporting launchers, private astronauts and other astronauts.
Fifty years of technological advances have meant that going to the Moon is now less expensive and more technologically practical, with more complex experiments possible. The technological development of the last 50 years has brought about a radical change. Now any person with financial resources can send a spacecraft to the moon. However, he does not necessarily send humans only.
What changes can come from Artemis? NASA said that the first manned mission will be sent through Artemis-3, which will have at least one woman and it is possible that the astronauts are black. The number of such astronauts can be one or many. I see more diversity in that because today’s youth who look at NASA can say, ‘Look, that astronaut looks like me. I can too. I too can be a part of the space program.